Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder, during which discolored patches appear on the skin. The average age of onset is at twenties, but can appear at any age . Depigmentation occurs on face, neck, scalp, limbs and openings such as mouth, genitalia. There are several forms of vitiligo.
Generalized form of vitiligo is the most common and is described as a loss of pigment in patches all over the body. Another form is segmental, which occurs seldom and during which only small patches appear in a limited area. During autoimmune disorders immune system attacks body’s own cells and in fact, organism attacks cells that produce pigment (melanocytes). Often, vitiligo can be associated with other diseases, like psoriasis, autoimmune thyroid disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and etc.
Treatment usually includes phototherapy, topical drugs, vitamin complex, immunomodulators.